Overview of Effective Treatments

Overview of Effective Treatments
Overview of Effective Treatments

 

 

 

 

Here you will find a quick Overview of Effective Treatments to overcome (or get under control) your Anxiety and Anxiety Disorder.

Medication and Biological Treatments

Two major classes of medications have been found to be effective for anxiety disorders:

Antidepressants

They are called antidepressants because they were originally developed for treating depression. However, these medications are very effective for treating most anxiety disorders, even when an individual is not depressed.

Anxiolytics or anti-anxiety medication

Generally, these medications are prescribed by family physicians, psychiatrists, etc.

 

Certain over-the-counter herbal products may also be useful for treating anxiety-based problems.

I will go through a more extensive list of herbal remedies in another post.

Cognitive Approaches

Cognitive approaches to treating anxiety involve learning to identify the sorts of thoughts that contribute to your anxiety and finding ways to replace these thoughts with more realistic and balanced predictions and assumptions.

The first step is acknowledging that your anxious predictions are merely guesses about what might happen.

After you recognize that your anxious beliefs may not be true, step two is to consider other ways of viewing the situation, followed by a thorough examination of evidence.

Often, this process leads to a shift in thinking, and ultimately to a shift in anxious feelings.

Behavioral Approaches

Behavioral strategies focus on changing behaviors that contribute to your problems with anxiety.

They break the habits of avoidance, employing safety behaviors, and following compulsive rituals.

By learning to confront the situations you fear instead of avoiding and protecting yourself from “dangers” that in reality are minimal or nonexistent, you will learn that your anxious predictions don’t come true.

Don’t be overwhelmed by the thought of exposure to feared situations, this kind of exposure is conducted gradually, so the fear you experience will be manageable.

Relaxation, Meditation, and Acceptance-Based Treatments

Relaxation-based strategies have been used for decades to treat anxiety-related concerns. These include exercises involving tensing and relaxing the muscles of the body, slowing down one’s breathing, and imaging relaxing scenes (as I will describe in another post later on).

Although relaxation training is somewhat useful for a range of anxiety problems, for most anxiety disorders this approach has not been found to be as effective as treatments involving exposure or cognitive strategies.

Another technique is meditation.

Since anxiety is an unpleasant emotion, it is natural to want to do whatever we can to reduce it. But efforts to fight anxiety, to distract ourselves from it, or to “make” it go away often have the opposite effect. Trust me, I know.

Meditation is not new at all. It has been used for thousands of years to deal with feelings of anxiety and stress.

Related therapies focus on teaching people to accept their anxious feelings rather than fight them. Although for some anxiety disorders it is a good thing, if your behavior under an “anxiety attack” is aggressive, you REALLY don’t want to accept that and you should try to get it under control.

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